Urban Bird Diversity as an Indicator of Human Social Diversity and Economic Inequality in Vancouver, British Columbia

Figure 3

Figure 3: Redundancy analysis, ordination bi-plot examining the strength of association between human social variables and 23 bird species in an urban bird community, Greater Vancouver, BC. (See Table 2 for bird name abbreviations.) Species and socio-economic variables are represented by arrows that indicate the direction in which the variables are increasing.